What Is Vitiligo?
Vitiligo is a condition which causes depigmentation of some parts of skin. It happens when melanocytes, which are cells accountable for skin pigmentation, pass away or are unable to perform their duty. The cause of vitiligo is unidentified; however, research suggests that it might occur due to oxidative stress, genetic, autoimmune, viral, or neural causes. The most widespread type is non-segmental vitiligo that tends to become visible in symmetric patches, occasionally over large body area.
The most remarkable clinical manifestation of vitiligo is skin patch depigmentation that takes place on the extremities. Even though the patches are primarily small, they frequently change shape and enlarge. When skin lesions occur, they are highly prominent on the wrists, face and hands. Depigmentation is mainly perceptible around body orifices, for instance the umbilicus, genitalia, nostrils, eyes and mouth. The majority lesions have hyper pigmentation near the edges. Individuals who are stigmatized because of their condition might undergo through depression and comparable mood disorders.
Eczema is an inflammation of the epidermis (which is the external layer of the skin) or type of dermatitis. The term eczema is largely applied to a variety of persistent skin situations. These comprise recurring skin rashes and dryness that are distinguished by one or more of the following clinical manifestations: cracking, swelling (skin edema), blistering, bleeding, oozing, itching and dryness, redness, flaking, or crusting. Areas of provisional skin discoloration might appear and healed injuries may also cause temporary skin discoloration. Scraping a healing lesion might consequence in scarring and enlargement of the rash.
The exact cause of eczema hasn’t yet been identified. However, a defect of the skin, which impairs its task as a barrier, perhaps united with an abnormal task of the immune system are deemed to be significant factors. Researches have revealed that individuals with atopic dermatitis have acquired genetic defects, which lead to abnormalities in some definite proteins (for example filaggrin). These proteins are vital in maintaining the barrier task of normal skin.
Phototherapy, and can it help?
Phototherapy (which is also known as light therapy) is a type of treatment for skin situations using non-natural light wavelengths from the blue light (ultraviolet) section of the solar radiation spectrum. In this technique, light of certain wavelengths are offered with superior intensity. However, it doesn’t include other solar radiation spectrums, for instance infrared (heat producing light) and visible light.
Whilst it was primarily employed in the healing of psoriasis, several other skin conditions comprising vitiligo, eczema, skin-based lymphoma and a number of cases of widespread itchy skin (particularly because of liver or kidney disease), are able to be treated using this technique if they haven’t reacted to other treatments options. Phototherapy is not appropriate for all types of eczema and psoriasis. The treatment needs a detailed examination of the type of the problem. Unless it may even make worse some types of these diseases.
This post was compiled by overall health fanatic, Jem. He thrives on helping others with health related issues. Here he tries to help educate the reader about two skin conditions as well as phototherapy treatment. Follow him on Twitter now to learn more at @writerjem.